February 21st 2018


Students get spot admission to Kenya Water Institute during Wajir East career talk

Abdirahman Rashid Farah | Saturday, 13 Jan 2018 16:21 EAT

“We need these institutions here so that our people do not have to go all the way to Nairobi or other parts of the country for courses that can be easily offered in middle-level-colleges,” said the MP.

“I don’t want to see any more cases of parents selling their precious animals for the purpose of school fees,” he said. He said there were five boarding schools in grazing zones which need full support on matters food and infrastructure.

Ahmed Liban Secondary School shines to produce Wajir's top KCSE hero with A-

Abdirahman Rashid Farah | Wednesday, 20 Dec 2017 19:54 EAT

The school's principal was in Nairobi when the results were announced. He told this writer in a phone interview that he was happy with the result, which he said was not a miracle but the logical outcome of the remarkable effort teachers and students invested during the preparation for the exam.

Nakuru Governor working to transform Nakuru into an education city

Jackson Okata | Friday, 15 Dec 2017 12:39 EAT

The Governor said that he is working closely with private investors towards turning Nakuru into an education city that will serve students from all over the country. He called on the graduands to fully utilize the knowledge they acquired in bettering their lives and helping their parents.

KUSU pushes for suspension of Masinde Muliro VC

Jackson Okata | Thursday, 23 Nov 2017 13:46 EAT

“In the course of the investigations, the vice chancellor has intimidated staff involved in the investigations process through transfers, demotions, interdiction and dismissals contrary to the Leadership and Integrity regulation No. 8 of 2015,” reads part of the letter.

Wajir's Shibli Star Intergrated Academy posts impressive results in 2017 KCPE

Abdirahman Rashid Farah | Wednesday, 22 Nov 2017 17:42 EAT

The principal said, "The era when only boys competed for the top positions in examinations is gone. Through their ever rising educational attainment, our girls are laying the foundation for a more prosperous, equitable and cohesive society in future," he said.

Excel Academy produces Wajir's best KCPE performer, who scored 414 Marks

Abdirahman Rashid Farah | Wednesday, 22 Nov 2017 16:45 EAT

"This was definitely one of the best classes we have had, and we are proud of their achievement," said Mr Omar, a University of Nairobi-educated political scientist and educationist. "We trained them well and I personally feel was uplifted to have seen them pass through my hand."

Tragedy as KCPE candidate is hit while celebrating Uhuru win

Jackson Okata | Thursday, 02 Nov 2017 22:22 EAT

According to his Mother Beatrice Wacera Chege, the boy who is currently admitted at St. Mary’s hospital in Gilgil is still unconscious and already has a fractured left leg, hand and bruises on both legs.

Top Migori school, Rosehill, cerebrates inaugural graduation fete

Free Press Correspondent | Monday, 30 Oct 2017 15:27 EAT

Its graduation ceremony was graced by the chief guest, KUPPET national official Edward Obwocha, the school's founder and director Rose Akelo, the headtacher Kennedy Oloo among other dignitaries.

Duale said, "I am thankful to the president and his deputy for awarding Garissa University to be charted. The university will accommodate all Kenyas regardless of their clan, religion or gender, and anyone wishing to study in Garissa University all are welcome."

How would world-renowned teachers redesign curricula?

Free Press Correspondent | Wednesday, 27 Sep 2017 16:03 EAT

It connects today’s top thought leaders with a diverse global audience of parents, students and educators. Its highly readable platform allows for discourse concerning our highest ideals and the sustainable solutions we must engineer to achieve them.

He added that the school also has a shortage of teachers has only six teacher from the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) with the rest being employed by parents whereby he called on the Minister for Education Fred Matiangi' to employ more teachers at the school.

Kabianga University triumphs in concluded music festival

Lemmy Bramwel | Tuesday, 25 Jul 2017 16:26 EAT

The festival brought together over 150,000 participants from primary schools, secondary schools, colleges, technical training institutes, polytechnics all the way to universities carefully selected in the previous stages to represent their respective regions.

With encouragement of critical and creative thinking, nurturing learners’ creativity, development of students’ confidence and capacity to develop practical solutions, we might as well be creating a generation of citizens adept at solving real world problems facing us today.

Meanwhile the Ministry has been faced by another tussle pitting Kenya Union of Teachers (KNUT) Secretary General Wilson Sossion supporting opposition NASA coalition while union chairman Mudzo Nzili is campaigning for Jubilee party.

Public universities remain paralysed as strike enters second day

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Tuesday, 04 Jul 2017 17:41 EAT

In the universities where the lecturers have not cooperated, the staff has taken it as their initiative to evict both the lecturers and the students from the classes. In universities like Kisii, where the strike started on Monday, the lecturers have joined the workers in a go slow.

The strike is likely to affect the academic calendar as it has done before since the public universities are re-opening after re-adjusting their programs owing to the previous strike that happened on the same grounds of implementing the CBA. About 33 public universities might be affected.

Teachers refuse to be posted to arid and semi-arid areas. They also decline to be posted to hardship areas, often opting for towns and easily accessible stations," said Emmanuel Manyasa, Uwezo Kenya country manager

Mr Ngaa announced that the school emerged number 25 out of the Kitui County’s 384 public secondary schools in the 2016 KCSE. And he added that they were number two out of all the 16 secondary schools in Nzambani District.

Kenya Utalii College set to open campuses countrywide

Jackson Okata | Thursday, 25 May 2017 10:23 EAT

He said that the move was driven by the fact that 70 percent of hospitality industry workers had no formal training. He pointed out that the college had embarked on offering the short refresher courses as a way of giving back to the stakeholders in the industry since they pay catering levy to the co

KUPPET women representative retains seat in by-election

Lucy Mwihaki | Monday, 15 May 2017 20:07 EAT

Led by KUPPET chairman Omboko Milemba, the delegates conducted a repeat election for the position after Mrs Murundu filed the case alleging that the elections were not free and fair. Today's repeat election was done at the Kenya Railway Club where over 180 delegates participated.

HELB on the spot as university students loan delays become rampant

Free Press Reporter | Friday, 12 May 2017 16:28 EAT

This website learnt about the cases of students who had their loans approved in December 2016 but are yet to receive the funds as of this month. For a process that under regulations should take no more than three months, in some cases student loans are processed for up to five or six months.

Masinde Muliro University selected to host Kenya Music Festival

Jack Otwala | Thursday, 11 May 2017 09:26 EAT

This year’s Festival will begin at the zonal, sub-county and county levels, to be followed by the regional level on June 4-17. The national level competition is slated for July 10-22 at the Masinde Muliro University, Kakamega.

One in ten Nakuru Class 8 pupils can't do Class 2 maths

Jackson Okata | Tuesday, 09 May 2017 17:51 EAT

In Nakuru, most ECD schools lack teachers despite the county government having constructed classrooms. Ms Kipruto therefore challenged county governments to put more efforts in improving ECD education.

Matiang’i warns school heads against unnecessary increment of fees

Jackson Okata | Tuesday, 25 Apr 2017 16:04 EAT

On the issue of school buses, the CS warned headteachers against acquiring bank loans to purchase school buses saying that it is the parents who bear the burden of paying back the loans. He advised school heads to privatize school transport in that they will only hire school transport when needed.

The 2014 cohort currently in Form 4 have had three other congresses while in Form 1, 2, and 3 under the themes of Value Based Leadership in 2014; Preparing Ethical Leaders for a Global Society in 2015; and Leadership and Giving in 2016.

UASU demands reveal skills shortage at Salaries Commission

Liza Makena | Friday, 10 Mar 2017 11:58 EAT

"We were waiting for the commission to respond to this letter by clarifying the principles underlining their work, but we were shocked to be informed that the letter had been forwarded to consultants to whom our own letter was copied and which SRC could easily see on the cc column".

According to KNUT leadership the union membership now stands at 174,972, down from 197,555 last year and 200,645 in 2014. This has affected the union’s annual revenue which declined by Sh286 million, from Sh1.345 billion to Sh1.059 billion.

In rejecting the system, the lecturers have indicted the Salaries and Remuneration Commission and exposed weaknesses in the ongoing job evaluation for public servants, for which the SRC is using a single model despite the complexities in different kinds of work in the public sector.

What we found strange was that, in his call, the principal insisted that our story was given to us by cabinet secretary Fred Matiangi. “The minister is misleading you,” he said.

Moi University unable to pay salaries, seeking urgent state help

Free Press Reporter | Wednesday, 01 Mar 2017 17:50 EAT

The university normally pays salaries from the 25th of each month, but this time it has been unable to meet this timeline, with many lecturers and other non-academic staff reporting that their salaries had not been remitted to their bank accounts as of today March 1.

Unqualified degree students demand refund from Mt. Kenya University

Free Press Correspondent | Sunday, 26 Feb 2017 12:15 EAT

"These are new conditions being adopted midstream and we want guidance from the university regarding students who don't possess these minimum standards," said a student at the Kabarnet Campus.

Private universities facing crisis as Matiangi reforms set to begin

Priscillah Wanjiru | Friday, 17 Feb 2017 11:43 EAT

Dr Matiangi has announced the stoppage of online, distance and school-based learning programmes pending their review. However, he said some findings of the quality inspection of universities report would need to be corrected before the report is implemented.

Katwanyaa Mixed High school shines in Matungulu and beyond

Rose Mukonyo | Friday, 27 Jan 2017 11:43 EAT

The school's outstanding performance has been possible despite the major challenges they have been facing as a school, such as classes as they have been operating four schools in one, since this is a mixed day and boarding school with each class having its own separate rooms.

“It is clear in the allocation of tenders 30% should be given to the youth but none has been offered. It doesn’t mean the youth cannot supply goods and services and we want whoever comes into power in the next government to recognize the youth in this region,” said Ms Nzioki one of the students from

Equity Bank to help 3,000 high school graduates get life skills

Free Press Reporter | Tuesday, 24 Jan 2017 11:45 EAT

“The Vision 2030 has placed new demands on Technical & Vocational Education and Training (TVET) as a leading engine that the economy must essentially rely upon to produce adequate levels of middle level work force that will be needed to drive the economy towards the attainment of the vision.

One of the teachers, Ms Zipporah Ndolo, believes she made the right choice by coming to work there as a teacher because she benefited from the school. “The school was so near my home and I could easily access it. I got the best education which has placed me where I am today,” Ms Ndolo said.

“If a serious university intends to open a branch here, they will not seek the consent of the area MP alone unless its agenda is different. We would have seen the involvement of various stakeholders including several homegrown academics serving at different reputable universities,” she added.

Kangundo starts journey to get university as SEKU sets up campus

Rose Mukonyo | Wednesday, 11 Jan 2017 14:30 EAT

The brief signing ceremony was also witnessed by Matungulu MP Stephen Mule who had accompanied the Kangundo team and the Deputy Vice Chancellor, Prof. Francis Wachira among others.

Maasai Mara University reeling under leadership, financial crisis

Free Press Correspondent | Wednesday, 11 Jan 2017 13:43 EAT

The Senate which comprises of all the deans of schools, the dean of students and some chief officers for legal affairs, academic and security, is all but moribund, its powers exercised largely by Prof. Walingo herself and the academic registrar, Dr Fredrick Otieno.

Equity Bank to sponsor 13 students from Kangundo, Matungulu

Rose Mukonyo | Friday, 06 Jan 2017 21:14 EAT

The best girl from Matungulu Bahati Mutunga expressed her appreciation to the Bank for the scholarship and promised to work hard on her dream of becoming a lawyer. The best boy David Nzau had scored 407 marks and was confident that his dream of being an aeronautical engineer would come true.

Makueni Boys and Machakos School top in Lower Eastern

Rose Mukonyo | Saturday, 31 Dec 2016 12:45 EAT

The school’s principal, Benson Manoo, said two of the candidates - Daniel Muli and Kepha Omanga - scored A- grades of 80 points each.

Matiangi results should cause worry, not celebration

Cyprian Nyamwamu | Friday, 30 Dec 2016 12:08 EAT

Based on that background, and comparatively with other countries like Ghana where more than 60 percent of candidates pass exams with at least C-, the National examination system has failed our children and our nation.

The CS commended Alliance Girls High School and Kenya High School for their consistency in their performance quoting previous years' performance. He however condemned those schools which produced a very high number of As in 2015 but could not produce even 20 this year.

Equity to support 33 students in top global universities

Jack Otwala | Thursday, 29 Dec 2016 16:08 EAT

Wings to Fly scholars who also score an A in K.C.S.E. also qualify to join the ELP. The program aims at empowering young academically gifted scholars by supporting their access to education in public universities in Kenya and around the globe, as well as equipping them with leadership skills.

Maasai Mara University extorting parents to cover for its failures

Free Press Correspondent | Friday, 23 Dec 2016 20:09 EAT

The question to ask is when will the indefatigable Cabinet Secretary for Education, Dr Fred Matiang'i, turn his attention to these errant administrators who are shamelessly exploiting hard-pressed parents. Many public universities are facing cash crises but this is no excuse for extortion of parents

Varsities warned against awarding fake degrees to politicians

Oscar Ndunda | Monday, 19 Dec 2016 13:18 EAT

"The ministry is aware of some individuals especially politicians who have been trying to secure diplomas and degrees at institutions of higher learning in order to meet the academic requirements for the elections. Any institution that will be involved will face dire consequences,” said Prof. Suda.

Praise Matiangi to the skies, but don't forget his blunders

Athanas Kipchumba | Saturday, 17 Dec 2016 16:58 EAT

Former ministers of Education have been invariably perfecting the art of talking more and doing little, if not nothing. This sector, for more than a decade, has borne the brunt of individualistic ineptitude and inadequacies coupled with a wide range of managerial and administrative blunders.

Heads of under-performing schools to be demoted

Oscar Ndunda | Thursday, 15 Dec 2016 14:28 EAT

“The commission directs all headteachers who record declining trends in academic performance should be cautioned in writing and appropriate action taken to address the gap,” reads the circular.

Parents defend Bridge Schools, censure KNUT SG Sossion

Jackson Okata | Thursday, 15 Dec 2016 12:28 EAT

The parents said the teachers employed by Bridge Schools were trained, qualified and approved by the Teachers Service Commission (TSC). The teachers use the advanced technology system to teach children in the schools, they said.

Women urged to pursue careers in geothermal development

Free Press Reporter | Thursday, 08 Dec 2016 13:07 EAT

Among the key activities that WING Africa will engage in include peer mentorship, professional development, mentorship of young girls in school and universities who are interested in pursuing engineering and science-based subjects.

Nakuru college fails to register 35 for KNEC exams

Jackson Okata | Tuesday, 06 Dec 2016 14:35 EAT

The ten certificate and twenty five diploma students learnt of the situation after contacting Nakuru North Sub County education officer Gabriel Kinoru.

Machakos KCPE stars got 'the best from motivated teachers'

Rose Mukonyo | Monday, 05 Dec 2016 12:08 EAT

According to ABC Kathiani Academy headteacher, Mr Joel Kitheka, this year's performance was better than last year where the school scored a mean of 355 against last year's 346 and they hope to break the record once again come next year.

Kirubi: provide relevant education to university students

Rose Mukonyo | Saturday, 03 Dec 2016 17:42 EAT

Dr Munyaka assured the Vice Chancellor his commitment to work with the university to ensure they get the best services especially in the area of housing the students. "The students need hostels and we are going to work with the university to ensure students are housed in the university," he said.

Moi University extends graduation registration deadline, averting crisis

Free Press Reporter | Thursday, 01 Dec 2016 13:17 EAT

The administration’s decision averted potential unrest over the graduation, as a number of students had planned to stage a protest to the office of cabinet secretary for education Fred Matiangi had yesterday’s meetings at the Main Campus ended in impasse.

Tension grips Moi University as 500 students 'blocked from graduation'

Free Press Reporter | Tuesday, 29 Nov 2016 18:23 EAT

While the crisis affects students from nearly all schools, the most affected is the School of Human Resource management, and to some extent the School of Education. The administration claims the students' name cannot be entered in the List because their marks for some course units are missing.

The Kenya Free Press has also authoritatively learnt that a number of principals of top performing schools including Alliance High School have sought transfers from the schools in anticipation of declined performance in this year’s examinations.

School laptop programme beset by electricity challenges

Soilan Kenana | Tuesday, 15 Nov 2016 15:54 EAT

In Baringo County, there are roughly 650 schools and up to date only six schools have received the proposed laptop for the e-learning program that is supposed to commence in all primary schools.

These two events call to question the procedures for managing risks in universities. While the need for a 24-hour health service is immediately obvious, as in the case of Meru University, universities also need to deal with security issues in a more proactive manner.

Ministry releases 2017 term dates

Oscar Ndunda | Monday, 24 Oct 2016 14:21 EAT

The Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) will be commencing from 30th October to 3rd November while the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) will run from the 6th to 30th November.

Apart from offering courses in Technology, Engineering, Science Architecture and Building sciences, it has also embraced Arts-based courses such as Mass Communication, Journalism, Public Relations and Languages. Apart from arts courses, it has also provision of business- and health-related courses.

Plan on course to give 1.2 million Class One laptops

Free Press Reporter | Sunday, 09 Oct 2016 15:02 EAT

In Elgeyo Marakwet, 385 out of 418 schools have been connected to electricity, while solar power had been installed in schools that were too far away from the national electricity grid and couldn’t be connected quickly.

Ministry wants counties deprived of power over education boards

Free Press Correspondent | Friday, 07 Oct 2016 11:41 EAT

The minister handed over 83 tablets at the school. He said that 77,000 teachers had so far been inducted through the program and the ministry targets to induct 124,000 teachers by the end of the year.

Being young, the university has graduated only a few classes, but as one would expect of a great institution many of the graduates have secured well-paying jobs in the large companies, and in countries like Australia, United Kingdom and United States of America.

Masinde Muliro University closed after students protest rise in fees

Jackie Amisi | Thursday, 06 Oct 2016 15:46 EAT

The students are protesting the introduction of Sh3,000 fee for library services and Sh5,000 for ICT and noted that accommodation charges for first year students who reported last month had gone up from Sh5,000 to Sh16,000.

Kenya marks World Teachers Day by honouring champions

Tobbie Wekesa | Thursday, 06 Oct 2016 07:36 EAT

Among other teachers who were feted were: Alloise Mwaisakenyi of Dr Aggrey High School in Taita, Esther Mumbi Nzomo of Kasikeu Girls in Makueni, Roseline Nasiebanda of St Josephs Boys Kitale and Ayub Mohamud of Eastleigh High School for being the Global Teacher Finalist 2016.

The strike bore resemblance to current crisis of education in Kenya. The administration was responding to a structural condition of diminished financing for education amid growing costs of maintaining universities.

TSC to promote 10,000 teachers, calls for freeze on new schools

Free Press Correspondent | Saturday, 24 Sep 2016 12:33 EAT

“We recognize the changes that you are undertaking but we need to work as a team so that we all get to know how we are going to cover the rest of the journey,” Mr Musembi Katuku, the executive secretary for KUPPET Machakos Branch said.

URP rebels support Ayiro’s appointment, want new law for education sector

Free Press Reporter | Saturday, 24 Sep 2016 12:00 EAT

Governor Ruto, however, said the protests had exposed a serious weakness in the management of education in Kenya, adding that Kenyans at the grassroots level were seeking a bigger role in education affairs. He proposed that primary schools should be devolved to county governments.

A source in the committee said the extension was necessitated by their need to review the connection between indiscipline and examination leakage, for which they needed to wait until the KCSE exams start mid next month.

While the Education Secretary is the one to gazette such an appointment, the acting vice chancellor should not be a current member of the respective university community as Prof. Ayiro is.

JOOUST: The university where tribal associations are banned

Free Press Correspondent | Thursday, 22 Sep 2016 11:09 EAT

“Only associations or groupings that bear the face of this country will be accepted,” he had said during his inaugural address to first year students at the university’s main campus in Bondo.

Friends Kigame Secondary School in Vihiga County, Highway Secondary in Nairobi, Kirege Secondary in Tharaka Nithi and Mbaga Secondary School in Siaya have also been burned down by students.

Three teachers get EADB scholarship to study in America

Free Press Correspondent | Monday, 05 Sep 2016 16:53 EAT

The three scholarships were awarded to experienced East African lecturers with a bachelor’s degree in a STEM field, who are actively teaching in an East African public university.

UNICEF, World Vision in West Pokot project that could provide model for fighting FGM

The 10,000 students to be admitted under the programme will receive the same financial support as those admitted into the public universities, including sponsorship by the Higher Education Loans Board for their living expenses.

Kabianga University shines at national music festival

Lemmy Bramwel | Tuesday, 23 Aug 2016 16:25 EAT

The themes that dominated the festival included; citizen’s participation in security (Nyumba Kumi initiative), corruption, responsible use of social media, examination cheating, teachers’ pay and the Central Bank’s role in the economy.

Elgeyo Marakwet set to get first varsity, in major boost for Governor Tolgos

Free Press Correspondent | Thursday, 18 Aug 2016 16:10 EAT

Governor Tolgos’ administration had given priority to establishment of the university in efforts that were led by Dr Stella Kiprono, the County Executive for Education and Technical Training.

"We are currently investigating claims that there are some people who are using the fires to sabotage the efforts being taken by Education CS Fred Matiang'i," Government Spokesman Eric Kiraithe told journalists today.

USIU students take to the streets to protest Moi role in land grab

Waithera Murugi | Wednesday, 13 Jul 2016 21:19 EAT

Prof Zeleza added that there had never been any claim to the land until June 29, when “the management board received information that unauthorized persons were frequenting the land purporting to be the the owners”.

Kabarnet Boys High School closed again, following student riots

Free Press Correspondent | Thursday, 07 Jul 2016 21:27 EAT

The students were reportedly protesting the decision by Principal Julius Mambili that they will forgo the half term break due to their recent long absence from school following another strike.

Tharaka teachers, leaders eject TSC director from office

Free Press Correspondent | Tuesday, 05 Jul 2016 10:47 EAT

The leaders also accused Kokelo of favouring female teachers in transfers to good performing schools, a trend that was causing a growing imbalance in staffing of local schools.

Kibabii University lecturers threaten strike to demand appointment of VC

Free Press Correspondent | Monday, 04 Jul 2016 18:12 EAT

The Kibabii VC's position has been vacant since the institution's founding through a charter handed to them by President Uhuru Kenyatta in November 2015. Former principal, Prof. Odeo Ipara, acted for several months as vice chancellor but his contracted expired last month.

Uhuru, with eye on elections, holds momentous meeting with teachers’ unions

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Thursday, 23 Jun 2016 15:53 EAT

The teachers’ trade unions KNUT and KUPPET finally signed a long-awaited collective bargaining agreement which will cover the increment in basic salary that the government had opposed last year.

Despite high maritime potential, Kenya lacks skills in the sector

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Thursday, 23 Jun 2016 14:55 EAT

Sixty five years since Kenya began training in maritime education, the country still faces an acute shortage of qualified trainers and lecturers in the field.

TSC, school heads set to clash over new rules

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Tuesday, 21 Jun 2016 04:07 EAT

Furthermore, the regulations would require teachers to account for every working hour in order to curb time theft and absenteeism, which have been identified as among the major reasons for poor performance.

Mbeere Schools hire APs to boost security

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Tuesday, 21 Jun 2016 02:55 EAT

There are many ways to kill a rat.

Egerton beats other universities to Oludhe Macgoye’s collections

Lemmy Bramwel | Saturday, 18 Jun 2016 15:30 EAT

Egerton University has received the entire literary archives of the Late Marjorie Oludhe Macgoye, the illustrious British-born Kenyan writer who died in December 2015

Sossion wants Bridge Schools closed, says they are undermining ed standards

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Friday, 10 Jun 2016 09:48 EAT

KNUT Secretary General Wilson Sossion has called on the government to close a group of schools targeting slum dwellers, saying the chain was flouting quality standards of basic education for informal schools.

Don’t underrate teachers’ role in education rot

Winfred Mbuya Mwaniki | Tuesday, 31 May 2016 13:55 EAT

From the persistent industrial disputes to national examination leakage and recognized mismatches between the school curriculum and industry needs, Kenya’s education sector requires far-reaching overhaul.

Matiangi orders reconstitution of school Parents Teachers Associations[PTAs]

Free Press Reporter | Tuesday, 31 May 2016 10:13 EAT

Education Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i yesterday declared that the government will vet representatives to parents and teachers associations to ensure that only genuine parents are elected to the boards.

Masinde Muliro University’s female student leader making waves

John Onyando | Tuesday, 24 May 2016 10:45 EAT

The fiery Winnie Nyandiga so scared Babu Owino’s candidate for the KUSO presidency that the election had to be disrupted by violence.